Sunflower- Early Sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides) (Florida Native)

Sunflower- Early Sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides) (Florida Native)

Brand: Whitwam Organics
Item Number:

Regular price $3.75 On Sale

Estimated Arrival: Between Oct 20 and Oct 25. * ETA for USA only

Sunflower- Early Sunflower - Heliopsis helianthoides

AKA- Smooth sunflower, False sunflower, Oxeye daisy, Oxeye, Oxeye sunflower, Heliopsis sunflower

Its native range is widely distributed mainly east of the
Rocky Mountains from Ontario to North Florida and
Mississippi. Smooth oxeye is adapted to full sunlight and
dry to moderately moist soil conditions. It can be found
growing in prairies, roadsides, and open woods, edge of
fields and thickets, and waste areas. This species tolerates
some drought and also a wide range of soil types,
including nutrient-poor soils. It has proven to perform
best in areas receiving >5” of rainfall. Smooth oxeye is
not salinity-tolerant. Attracts butterflies and bees but the list of insects is diverse and includes hoverflies and soldier beetles.  The ground nesting bee, Holcopasites heliopis, is a specialist pollinator of Heliopsis helianthoides. If growing in Central Florida South, 2-4 weeks of cold stratification of the seeds is recommended.

 

Days to germination

 14-21 days

Days to maturity

2 years

Life cycle

Perennial

Plant time

Fall, or cold stratify wet or dry for 8 weeks and plant in Spring

Spacing

18- 24 inches in well drained soil

Sun

Full sun to partial shade

Soil temperature

at least 50 degrees 

Optimum soil P.H

6.0-7.8

Height

3-4 feet

Harvest

Summer and early fall

Sunflower- Early Sunflower - Heliopsis helianthoides

AKA- Smooth sunflower, False sunflower, Oxeye daisy, Oxeye, Oxeye sunflower, Heliopsis sunflower

Its native range is widely distributed mainly east of the
Rocky Mountains from Ontario to North Florida and
Mississippi. Smooth oxeye is adapted to full sunlight and
dry to moderately moist soil conditions. It can be found
growing in prairies, roadsides, and open woods, edge of
fields and thickets, and waste areas. This species tolerates
some drought and also a wide range of soil types,
including nutrient-poor soils. It has proven to perform
best in areas receiving >5” of rainfall. Smooth oxeye is
not salinity-tolerant. Attracts butterflies and bees but the list of insects is diverse and includes hoverflies and soldier beetles.  The ground nesting bee, Holcopasites heliopis, is a specialist pollinator of Heliopsis helianthoides. If growing in Central Florida South, 2-4 weeks of cold stratification of the seeds is recommended.

 

Days to germination

 14-21 days

Days to maturity

2 years

Life cycle

Perennial

Plant time

Fall, or cold stratify wet or dry for 8 weeks and plant in Spring

Spacing

18- 24 inches in well drained soil

Sun

Full sun to partial shade

Soil temperature

at least 50 degrees 

Optimum soil P.H

6.0-7.8

Height

3-4 feet

Harvest

Summer and early fall